THE UNDAUNTED II.

Keeping the Scouting Spirit Alive, The Survival and Revival of Scouting in Central and Eastern Europe. Part Two.

A Sequel to THE FORGOTTEN MOVEMENTS 1989

and THE UNDAUNTED, Part One Published by WOSM, Geneva 1998by Piet J. Kroonenberg, Amsterdam.

Piet J. Kroonenberg, Amsterdam and WOSM, Geneva.

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ALBANIA-SHQUIPERIA
Albania is a small country squeezed in between Greece, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and the Adriatic. The name Shqiperia, as the Albanians call their homeland, means "Country of Eagles" and one of these is represented in their national flag, their coat of arms and their scout and guide badges. In 1998 the population was around 3 million, 50% of those being children...

ESTONIA - EESTI
It is easier to understand the birth and growth of Scouting and Guiding if a little is known of the country itself. The original Estonians are kinsmen of the Finns. Their common ancestors - the Ugrofinns also known as the Finno-Ugric nations - thousands of years ago, came from Asia beyond the Ural Mountains and settled in the Valley of the River Volga...

LITHUANIA-LIETUVA
It is easier to unders the beginning the area presently known as Lithuania was inhabited by three Indo-European tribes : the Zjemates, the Jutvings and the Auksjitats. The terrain consisting of marshes, rivers and covered by large, dense forests protected them well against all intruders and they managed to keep them out. Yet the Vikings, in their famous longboats, were a different threat. They raided the coastlines, attacked the settlements and forced the tribes to unite to fend them off.

VIETNAM
The history of Vietnam is very complicated. The ancestors of the Vietnamese used to live in South China but they were forced to go south and settled in the middle part of what is presently known as Vietnam.