a small country squeezed in between Greece, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Montenegro,
and the Adriatic. The name Shqiperia, as the Albanians call their homeland,
means "Country of Eagles" and one of these is represented
in their national flag, their coat of arms and their scout and guide
badges. In 1998 the population was around 3 million, 50% of those being
It is easier to understand the birth and growth of Scouting and Guiding
if a little is known of the country itself. The original Estonians are
kinsmen of the Finns. Their common ancestors - the Ugrofinns also known
as the Finno-Ugric nations - thousands of years ago, came from Asia
beyond the Ural Mountains and settled in the Valley of the River Volga...
It is easier to unders the beginning the area presently known as Lithuania
was inhabited by three Indo-European tribes : the Zjema‹tes, the Jutvings
and the Auksjita‹ts. The terrain consisting of marshes, rivers and covered
by large, dense forests protected them well against all intruders and
they managed to keep them out. Yet the Vikings, in their famous longboats,
were a different threat. They raided the coastlines, attacked the settlements
and forced the tribes to unite to fend them off.
The history of Vietnam is very complicated. The ancestors of the Vietnamese
used to live in South China but they were forced to go south and settled
in the middle part of what is presently known as Vietnam.